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https://doi.org/10.31820/pt.28.1.2

Mental Models or Probabilistic Reasoning or Both: Reviewing the Evidence for and Implications of Dual-Strategy Models of Deductive Reasoning

Natasha Beeson ; University of Derby, Human Sciences Research Centre, Derby, UK
Edward J. N. Stupple orcid id orcid.org/0000-0001-8545-9504 ; University of Derby, Human Sciences Research Centre, Derby, UK
Malcolm B. Schofield orcid id orcid.org/0000-0001-9676-0896 ; University of Derby, Human Sciences Research Centre, Derby, UK
Paul Staples ; University of Derby, Human Sciences Research Centre, Derby, UK


Puni tekst: engleski PDF 198 Kb

str. 21-35

preuzimanja: 782

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Sažetak

The present paper presents an overview of contemporary reasoning research to examine the evidence for and implications of the Dual Strategy Model of Reasoning. The Dual Strategy Model of Reasoning proposes that there are two types of reasoning strategy applied in deductive reasoning - counterexample and statistical. The paper considers Mental Models Theory and The Probability Heuristics Model as candidate specifications for these respective strategies and hypotheses are proposed on this basis. The Dual Strategy Model is further considered in the context of Dual Process theory, the Dual Source Model and Meta-reasoning and implications of the synergy between these proposals are considered. We finally consider the Dual Strategy Model in the context of individual differences, and normative considerations before proposing novel hypotheses and further avenues of research which we argue require exploration in this context.

Ključne riječi

Reasoning, Dual Process Theory, Dual-Strategy Theory, Meta-reasoning, Metacognition

Hrčak ID:

219802

URI

https://hrcak.srce.hr/219802

Posjeta: 1.371 *