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DIFFERENCES IN THE SELF-REPORTED ONE-YEAR PREVALENCE OF PARENTAL VIOLENCE EXPERIENCED BY ADOLESCENTS IN 2011 AND 2017
In this paper, the main aim is to present the changes in the self reported one-year prevalence of parental violence experienced by adolescents in 2011 and 2017 in Croatia. The data for 2011 were obtained from the »BECAN (Balkan Epidemiological Study on Child Abuse and Neglect)« FP7 project and the data for 2017 were obtained from the second wave of the project »FEHAP« (»Family Economic Hardship, Psychosocial Problems and Educational Outcomes of Adolescents in the Time of Economic Crisis«), funded by the Croatian Science Foundation. At both time-points, the multi-stage probabilistic stratified cluster sample of pupils in the 2nd grade of high school was used. In 2011 the sample consisted of 1233 children, and in 2017 there were 1057 pupils. The results show that in 2017 the one-year prevalence for psychological aggression was 71.8%, for psychological abuse 24.3%, for corporal punishment 23.8%, and for physical abuse 13.1%. Compared to 2011, there was an increase in the prevalence of physical violence, while the prevalence of psychological violence remained unchanged. In the context of gender differences, in 2017 girls were at the higher risk for psychological aggression, equally as in 2011,
while the risk for psychological abuse became equal for boys and girls. For physical violence the risk remained equal for boys and girls. In the same period there was an increase of a general rate of one-year prevalence of parental violence, which is mostly attributed to the increase of the prevalence of psychological aggression. The results of this study indicate that the parental violence is widespread and there is a need for systematic prevalence studies.
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