PAIN AND DEPRESSION - PSYCHIATRIC REVIEW
APA 6th Edition
IVANUŠIĆ, J. (2019). PAIN AND DEPRESSION - PSYCHIATRIC REVIEW. Acta medica Croatica, 73 (Suplement 1), 43-43. Preuzeto s https://hrcak.srce.hr/224649
MLA 8th Edition
IVANUŠIĆ, JOSIPA. "PAIN AND DEPRESSION - PSYCHIATRIC REVIEW." Acta medica Croatica, vol. 73, br. Suplement 1, 2019, str. 43-43. https://hrcak.srce.hr/224649. Citirano 29.09.2023.
Chicago 17th Edition
IVANUŠIĆ, JOSIPA. "PAIN AND DEPRESSION - PSYCHIATRIC REVIEW." Acta medica Croatica 73, br. Suplement 1 (2019): 43-43. https://hrcak.srce.hr/224649
IVANUŠIĆ, J. (2019). 'PAIN AND DEPRESSION - PSYCHIATRIC REVIEW', Acta medica Croatica, 73(Suplement 1), str. 43-43. Preuzeto s: https://hrcak.srce.hr/224649 (Datum pristupa: 29.09.2023.)
IVANUŠIĆ J. PAIN AND DEPRESSION - PSYCHIATRIC REVIEW. Acta medica Croatica [Internet]. 2019 [pristupljeno 29.09.2023.];73(Suplement 1):43-43. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/224649
J. IVANUŠIĆ, "PAIN AND DEPRESSION - PSYCHIATRIC REVIEW", Acta medica Croatica, vol.73, br. Suplement 1, str. 43-43, 2019. [Online]. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/224649. [Citirano: 29.09.2023.]
Pain is an experience involving body, emotional and cognitive processes. Every pain is, to a certain extent, accompanied by emotional distress and fear, and may be accompanied by disturbed sleep, impaired cognitive functioning, anxiety, depression, and suicidal ideation. Clinical depression was reported in 50 % of patients with chronic pain, while 25 % of chronic pain patients develop chronic pain syndrome. Chronic pain negatively affects the sense of physical, emotional and social well-being, quality of life and work ability, creates fi nancial burdens for the individual, family, health system and society. In patients with chronic pain, depression has negative effects on pain intensity, duration of pain, occupational and social functioning and the treatment outcomes. A noticeable number of depressed patients often complain of painful symptoms, and these patients show more severe depression, lower rates of response to antidepressants, more diffi culties in achieving remission, more frequent early relapses and a lower levels of everydaily functioning. This paper presents basic knowledge of the biological and psychological nature of pain and depression and therapy possibilities, pharmacological and nonpharmacological.
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