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Mirko Peti ; Institut za hrvatski jezik i jezikoslovlje, Zagreb

Puni tekst: hrvatski pdf 191 Kb

str. 81-95

preuzimanja: 455



Distributive verbs in Croatian form a special group of verbs which distinguishes itself by a specific syntactic feature which is semantically conditioned by their verbal content being distributed to more participants. When more than one participant is denoted, it is not a noun in singular that is mostly used. For that reason the subjects and objects which appear with such distributive verbs can not be expressed by a noun in singular, but only by a substantive in plural, for example Rođaci su mu poumirali, but not Rođak mu je poumirao, Poženio je sinove i poudao kćeri, but not Poženio je sina i poudao kćer, Snopovi su poispadali, but not Snop je poispadao. Collective nouns are an exception to that. Since their singular form expresses the plurality, with distributive verbs they can be in singular as both subjects and objects. The examples are: Narod se porazbolijevao, Lišće je pootpadalo, Rasprodao je imetak, zemlju, djedovinu, obiteljsko srebro, but not Rasprodao je kuću, as it could be Rasprodao je kuće. From the aforementionet, it follows that the distributive verb can serve as a reliable test to identify and split collective nouns from uncollective ones. This test enables us to include in this group many nouns that have not been included in this group until now. The author critically reviews the description of distributive verbs in grammars and reference books. Special attention is given to the semantic demarcation of distributive verbs from some other verbal groups with which they may, in certain grammatical contexts, be either morphologically identical or may overlap with them.

Ključne riječi

distributive verbs, subject, object, syntax

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Podaci na drugim jezicima: hrvatski

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