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The Migration Component of the Total Movement of the Population in the Vukovar-Srijem County 2001–2017

Dražen Živić ; Institut društvenih znanosti Ivo Pilar, Podružnica Vukovar, Vukovar, Hrvatska

Puni tekst: hrvatski pdf 762 Kb


str. 163-203

preuzimanja: 742



The subject of the demographic analysis conducted in this paper are the components/determinants of the total movement of the population and the demographic balance of the Vukovar-Srijem County in the period between the census of 2001 and the year 2017, with a special emphasis on the mechanical (migration) component of the total movement of the population. The research aimed at defining the size and structure of demographic balance, and – using the comparative vital-statistical method – assessing the rough migration balance and evaluating the importance of modern migrations – in the subject period and in the context of the movement and development of the population in the Vukovar-Srijem County (in total, and at the level of local self-administration units – towns and municipalities), with the aim of recognising the dominant modern dynamic features of its demographic development. The demographic analysis has been conducted on the basis of the demographicstatistical documentation relating to the available (published) census-related, vital and migration statistics. The comparative analysis has shown that the Vukovar-Srijem County suffers from total depopulation as a type of inter-census change; natural decrease as a consequence of the ever increasing number of deaths at birth; and the negative balance of the total migration as a result of prevailing emigration over immigration of the population. The demographic balance of the Vukovar-Srijem County was hence negative even in the period following the so far last census conducted in 2011. The prevailing determinant of the negative migration balance is strong emigration, not only to other Croatian counties, but also – and increasingly – to foreign countries. The ever increasing loss of population by natural and – in particular – mechanical means (emigration) presents an extremely unfavourable long-term determinant of the demographic, social and economic revitalisation of the Vukovar-Srijem County, which was gravely destroyed in the aggression war in the 1990s.

Ključne riječi

Vukovar-Srijem County; total movement; natural movement; migrations; demographic balance; depopulation; demographic aging

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