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Two Epigraphic Spolia from Split Mentioning Members of the Equestrian Rank

Dino Demicheli ; Filozofski fakultet Sveučilišta u Zagrebu

Puni tekst: engleski pdf 543 Kb

str. 175-190

preuzimanja: 127


Puni tekst: hrvatski pdf 543 Kb

str. 175-190

preuzimanja: 96



This paper discusses fragments of two inscriptions that have already been published, but which, because of their fragmentariness, were not subjected to any very deep study. Parts of both inscriptions were found in the space of Diocletian’s Palace. The spolia of the first of them are built into the western façade of the house in Dioklecijanova street no. 2; there are four parts of a once monumental sepulchral altar that, according to the information given by Frane Bulić, were found in 1889 in Salona. The second inscription is on a fragment of a sarcophagus found among the ruins of the old bishop’s palace in the 1920s, probably secondarily used as a doorsill. The inscriptions are linked by their both mentioning persons of equestrian rank. In the first epigraph it is concluded that it is about an equestrian on the basis of a reconstructed military position, while on the second monument the status is clearly stated by expressions characteristic for the equestrian rank – eq(ues) R(omanus) v(ir) e(gregius). Only the cognomen Proculus is preserved of the name of the first member of the equestrian rank, while in the second case, the name is most probably Nocturnius Saturninus. In Dalmatia, the gentilicium Nocturnius has been confirmed in only one other inscription, which mentions a person perhaps of the equestrian class. According to the restitution of part of the epigraph, one of them was the prefect of an as-yet-unknown cohort, probably of the 1st century, while the other was a civic worthy, confirmed to have had a career in the municipal offices, probably during the 3rd century.
Since the career of neither is well known, it is possible that there were other positions that would reveal a mixed cursus honorum. In the discussion, there has been an endeavour to say a little more about these monuments, and once more stress the fact that a review of the reading of epigraphic monuments will often provide new data that can be incorporated into the existing picture of the ancient period in Dalmatia.

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