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Alma mater of Strossmayer, Kvaternik i Starčević: Croatian Students of Philosophy and Theology at the Royal University in Pest

Pavo Barišić ; Fakultet hrvatskih studija Sveučilišta u Zagrebu, Hrvatska


Puni tekst: hrvatski pdf 7.661 Kb

str. 125-184

preuzimanja: 280

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Sažetak

The article primarily focuses on research on the education of Croatian students in four colleges at reputable European universities: Rome, Bologna, Vienna and Pest. It displays an overview of the history of the Royal University of Hungary conceived in Trnava in 1635, moved to Budapest in 1777 and eventually located in Pest in 1784. The study of philosophy and theology at the Regia scientiarum Universitas Hungarica Pestiensis was attended by selected candidates from the Hungarian and Croatian countries of the Monarchy. Each diocese, as well as prominent families, send their most gifted students to the Central Seminary. That is why this institution of higher education was called the “Bishop’s School” or the Royal Political Academy. Whoever got there was destined for high office in the church or state hierarchy. The structure of education in the Habsburg Monarchy from the 16th to the 19th centuries is emphasised in order to understand the way of studying in the work, with special emphasis on Hungary and Croatia.
The central part of the discussion is devoted to the presentation of data on the students of theology at the Royal University from 1824 to 1848. The following is a review of five prominent alumni from that period. The article presents the acade¬mic portraits and achievements of Andrija Šumanovac, Anton Mudrovčić, Stjepan Ilijašević, Adolf Veber and Petar Vrdoljak. Then comes a more detailed comparison of the enrolled courses and passed exams as well as the presentation of unpublished data on academic achievements of three famous students of philosophical and theological studies – Josip Juraj Strossmayer, Eugen Kvaternik and Ante Starčević. All the courses they attended and the places they took at their age are detailed.
On this basis, the article delineates in a particular way the system of assessment and the settings of the educational system of that time. The Royal University adjourned in 1848 due to the upheaval. But the alumni became involved in libertarian and democratic political events in their homeland, inspired by the ideas they enriched in Pest. The concluding consideration makes judgments about the importance of Alma mater Pestiensis in educating the spiritual and political elite in Croatia.

Ključne riječi

philosophy, theology, Royal University in Pest, students, Josip Juraj Strossmayer, Eugen Kvaternik, Ante Starčević

Hrčak ID:

241051

URI

https://hrcak.srce.hr/241051

Podaci na drugim jezicima: hrvatski

Posjeta: 690 *