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Effect of copper on thermal stability of nanocrystalline ceria
; University of Zagreb, Faculty of Chemical Engineering and Technology, Marulićev trg 19, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
Aleksandar Bajrović ; University of Zagreb, Faculty of Chemical Engineering and Technology, Marulićev trg 19, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
Martina Župančić ; Leibniz-Institut für Kristallzüchtung, Max-Born-Straße 2, 12489 Berlin, Germany
Stanislav Kurajica orcid.org/0000-0002-7066-1213 ; University of Zagreb, Faculty of Chemical Engineering and Technology, Marulićev trg 19, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
Cerium (IV) oxide (CeO2) is extensively used as a catalyst because it has numerous advantages over conventional catalysts, like low cost, better poisoning resistance, high catalytic activity due to the facile Ce4+ / Ce3+ redox reac-tion and high oxygen storage capacity. CeO2 nanoparticles have higher specific surface area and better redox properties, and thus an increased catalytic activity in comparison to bulk materials. However, at elevated tem-peratures ceria nanoparticles are very prone to coarsening. In order to increase the thermal stability of CeO2 na-noparticles, but also improve its catalytic properties, metal ions are incorporated into the CeO2 crystal structure. The aim of this study was to compare coarsening kinetics of nanocrystalline CeO2 and nanocrystalline CeO2 doped with 10 mol. % of copper in order to determine the effect of doping on thermal stability. Samples were prepared by hydrothermal synthesis and thermally treated at different temperatures and processing times. The samples were analyzed by X-ray diffraction analysis and the crystallite sizes were calculated using the Scherrer’s equation. Based on the obtained crystallite sizes, kinetic parameters were determined and it was found that cop-per addition has a positive effect on the thermal stability of CeO2.
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