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The Importance of Assessing Quality of Life in Patients with Alcohol Dependence

Zrnka Kovačić Petrović orcid id ; University of Zagreb, School of Medicine, University Psychiatric Hospital Vrapče, Zagreb, Croatia
Tina Peraica orcid id ; University Hospital Dubrava, Department of Psychiatry, Referral Center for Stress-related Disorders of the Ministry of Health, Zagreb, Croatia
Dragica Kozarić-Kovačić ; University Department for Forensic Sciences, University of Split, Split, Croatia

Puni tekst: engleski pdf 412 Kb

str. 29-38

preuzimanja: 693



Alcohol dependence has a strong impact on quality of life (QoL) and OoL assessment is considered as a valid measure in evaluating the success of the treatment of patients with alcohol dependence. The goal of the study was to investigate QoL and some sociodemographic characteristics of patients with alcohol dependence in comparison with healthy individuals. Cross-sectional study (which is part of larger study) included 312 patients with alcohol dependence and 329 healthy individuals of both sexes. Structured interview for sociodemographic and alcohol related data, the Croatian version of the 5.00 Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI), and the short version of the World Health Organization Quality of Life (WHOQoLBREF) were used. The results have shown that alcohol dependent patients were significantly more frequently uneducated (p=0.006) and primary education (p<0.001), while healthy individuals were significantly more likely to have secondary (p=0.003) and tertiary education (p=0.013). Patients with alcohol dependence were significantly more likely to be single (p=0.005), divorced (p<0.001), and living as married (p=0.008) compared to healthy people, while healthy populations were more often married (p<0.001) in comparison to alcohol addicts. Alcohol dependent persons were more often unemployed (p<0.001) and retired (p=0.005). Patients with alcohol dependence were more likely to have a perceived a sense of illness (p<0.001) than healthy subjects. There were significant differences in all domains of QoL: general, physical, psychological, social, and environment between patients with dependence and healthy individuals (p<0.001). To conclude, alcohol dependence has been shown to be negatively correlated with overall QoL and domains of QoL: physical, psychological, social, and environmental. Education of patients with alcohol dependence was lower than in healthy people, who were more likely to live in marriage and were employed.

Ključne riječi

alcohol dependence; quality of life; assessment

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Podaci na drugim jezicima: hrvatski

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