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https://doi.org/10.5671/ca.44.3.11

Telemedicine for Diabetic Retinopathy Screening in Croatia: A Dream That Could Become a Reality

Martina Tomić orcid id orcid.org/0000-0002-7535-3631 ; Department of Ophthalmology, Vuk Vrhovac University Clinic for Diabetes, Endocrinology and Metabolic Diseases, Merkur University Hospital, Zagreb, Croatia
Petar Raštegorac ; Division of Ophthalmology, Samobor Health Center, Samobor, Croatia
Romano Vrabec ; Department of Ophthalmology, Vuk Vrhovac University Clinic for Diabetes, Endocrinology and Metabolic Diseases, Merkur University Hospital, Zagreb, Croatia
Tamara Poljičanin orcid id orcid.org/0000-0003-2336-0861 ; Biostatistics Department, National Diabetes Registry, Croatian Institute of Public Health, Zagreb, Croatia
Dario Rahelić orcid id orcid.org/0000-0002-2901-0646 ; Department of Ophthalmology, Vuk Vrhovac University Clinic for Diabetes, Endocrinology and Metabolic Diseases, Merkur University Hospital, Zagreb, Croatia


Puni tekst: engleski pdf 387 Kb

str. 175-179

preuzimanja: 241

citiraj


Sažetak

Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is the leading cause of preventable blindness in working-age adults associated with devastating personal and socioeconomic consequences. The increasing use of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) agents over the past decade and telemedicine implementation in systematic DR screening resulted in a decliningtrend of new blindness due to diabetes in several countries. Telemedicine is the remote delivery of healthcare services over the telecommunications infrastructure. It allows healthcare providers to evaluate, diagnose, and treat patients without the need for an in-person visit. Teleophthalmology is a telemedicine branch, mostly focused on diabetic retinopathy and retinopathy of prematurity. Screening for DR in Croatia is commonly performed annually, only by ophthalmologists using dilated slit-lamp biomicroscopic fundus examination. Due to the insufficient number of ophthalmologists and the lack of a formal call system, many diabetic patients do not perform annual screening. In an ideal DR screening model in Croatia, each diabetes center in university or general hospitals throughout Croatia (17 centers) would have one small digital fundus camera and an educated nurse who would perform dilated fundus photography. Electronic images from diabetes centers would be transferred for remote grading to the same hospitals’ ophthalmology departments or a central grading center for DR screening in Croatia. Grading for DR would be performed by an ophthalmologist, medical retina specialist. Patients would be annually invited by mail from the National Diabetes Registry to come to the nearest diabetes center for a fundus photographing and DR screening. Each patient with a positive result would be promptly referred to the medical retina specialist at the closest ophthalmology department for further examination and treatment.

Ključne riječi

diabetes mellitus, diabetic retinopathy, telemedicine, screening, Croatia

Hrčak ID:

247639

URI

https://hrcak.srce.hr/247639

Posjeta: 602 *