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https://doi.org/10.18047/poljo.26.2.8

THE APPLICATION OF NITROGEN‐FIXING BACTERIA IN ORDER TO REDUCE THE MINERAL NITROGEN FERTILIZERS IN SUGAR BEET

Suzana Kristek ; Sveučilište Josipa Jurja Strossmayera u Osijeku, Fakultet agrobiotehničkih znanosti Osijek, Vladimira Preloga 1, 31000 Osijek, Hrvatska
Sandra Brkić ; Dom zdravlja Zagreb Zapad, Prilaz baruna Filipovića 11, 10000 Zagreb, Hrvatska
Jurica Jović ; Sveučilište Josipa Jurja Strossmayera u Osijeku, Fakultet agrobiotehničkih znanosti Osijek, Vladimira Preloga 1, 31000 Osijek, Hrvatska
Andrej Stanković ; OPG Stanković, 52000 Pula, Hrvatska
Boris Ćupurdija ; Žitar d.o.o
Marina Brica ; Sveučilište Josipa Jurja Strossmayera u Osijeku, Fakultet agrobiotehničkih znanosti Osijek, Vladimira Preloga 1, 31000 Osijek, Hrvatska
Krunoslav Karalić ; – Ministarstvo poljoprivrede, Ulica grada Vukovara 78, 10000 Zagreb, Hrvatska


Puni tekst: hrvatski pdf 456 Kb

str. 65-71

preuzimanja: 338

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Sažetak

The aim of this study was to examine the possibilities of reducing the mineral nitrogen fertilizers by applying the free‐living (Azotobacter chroococcum) and associative (Azospirillum brasilense) nitrifying bacteria in the sugar beet production, without a reduction in the yield and quality of the sugar beet root. Along with the vegetables, most nitrates are collected by the species of the family Chenopodiaceae, to which the sugar beet belongs. Nitrogen is one of the most vital elements in the achievement of high yields, so it is used in large quantities in fertilization. However, it is the most unstable macroelement that flushes into the deeper soil layers, and a groundwater eutrophication is caused very often. Numerous diseases are associated with the high amounts of nitrates, nitrites, and nitroso compounds, i.e., the nitrite and nitroso compounds originating from the foodstuffs having a plant origin, water, and the cured meat products. The results of the study have demonstrated that it is possible to reduce a mineral nitrogen fertilizer quantity by using the nitrogen‐fixing bacteria while even obtaining a higher quality of the studied parameters. The nitrogen‐fixing bacteria predominate in the rhizosphere, so the plants could use the amounts of nitrogen necessary in a given vegetation period, which is not the case upon a nitrogen fertilization.

Ključne riječi

nitrogen bacteria, sugar beet yield and quality, reduction of nitrogen fertilization

Hrčak ID:

247726

URI

https://hrcak.srce.hr/247726

Podaci na drugim jezicima: hrvatski

Posjeta: 943 *