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Geophysical research of archaeological sites with presumed ironworking activity on the example of the sites of Bakovčice, Nađbarice, and Ždala

Branko Mušič ; GEARH d.o.o., Maribor, Slovenija
Barbara Horn ; GEARH d.o.o., Maribor, Slovenija
Filip Matijević ; GEARH d.o.o., Maribor, Slovenija
Ivan Valent ; Muzej grada Koprivnice, Koprivnica, Hrvatska
Tajana Sekelj Ivančan orcid id ; Institut za arheologiju, Zagreb, Hrvatska

Puni tekst: hrvatski pdf 3.137 Kb

str. 135-142

preuzimanja: 185


Puni tekst: engleski pdf 3.137 Kb

str. 142-142

preuzimanja: 308



The surface finds collected in an extensive field review carried out for the needs of the TransFER project pointed to iron production activities in the locations of Bakovčice – Velike Livade 1, Nađbarice 1, and Ždala – Telek. The surface finds included fragments of smelting slag, undoubtedly associated with iron production, but also numerous potsherds from different historical periods. In order to define more clearly the character of the sites chosen after the analyses of surface finds, it was decided to undertake non-invasive geophysical research using the magnetic method. These are all areas with intensive agricultural activity, so it was expected that there would be poor preservation of archaeological remains and, therefore, weaker magnetic anomalies. This was a rather serious challenge for the archaeologically eloquent processing of magnetograms, but the existence of the remains of ironworks activities in situ below the plough zone was confirmed in several places, while the remains of ironworks activities are largely found in the arable layer. On the basis of all the characteristic magnetic anomalies, they managed to determine the approximate boundaries of the area of iron production activity. This geophysical survey is significant for the theoretical considerations of the correlation between the results of field surveys and geophysical research for improving the methodology of archaeological prospecting and for determining the measures for the protection of archaeological heritage, since it confirms the well-known fact that the archaeological remains on the primary location in agricultural areas with ever more intensive cultivation gradually disappear over time.

Ključne riječi

Bakovčice – Velike livade 1; Nađbarice 1; Ždala – Telek; geophysical research; magnetometry; magnetic susceptibility; Middle Ages

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Podaci na drugim jezicima: hrvatski

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