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Estimating Spatial Distribution of Rainfall In GIS Environment

Tea Francetić ; Sveučilište u Rijeci, Građevinski fakultet
Doris Šporčić ; Sveučilište u Rijeci, Građevinski fakultet
Bojana Horvat orcid id ; Sveučilište u Rijeci, Građevinski fakultet
Nino Krvavica ; Sveučilište u Rijeci, Građevinski fakultet

Puni tekst: hrvatski PDF 2.079 Kb

str. 11-27

preuzimanja: 251



Rainfall is a highly variable water balance component that depends on numerous factors such as geographical location, distance from the sea, and elevation. Rainfall is crucial in understanding the hydrological processes in the given catchment. Rainfall measurements are performed at discrete locations at meteorological stations (except in the case of radar measurements). The knowledge of their spatial and temporal variability is the result of applying different methods of interpolation of measured values inside a given area. In a GIS environment, rainfall can be displayed in the form of a discrete or continuous field. Therefore, the choice of the interpolation method depends on the requirements for the type of the result. In this paper, three widely used methods of spatial interpolation are presented and compared to an example of estimating the average annual rainfall in Istria for the period 1961 – 1990. Namely, the following three interpolation methods are considered: Thiessen polygons, TIN (Triangular Irregular Network), and VLR (multiple linear regression method). The first two methods do not consider the factors that affect the amount of rainfall; they only estimate values as a function of the distance of the observed point from the rainfall gauges. In contrast, the method of multiple linear regression determines the spatial distribution of the rainfall from other factors, in this case, the geographical location, distance from the sea, and elevation.

Ključne riječi

spatial variability of rainfall, spatial interpolation, Thiessen polygons, TIN, multiple linear regression

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Podaci na drugim jezicima: hrvatski

Posjeta: 459 *