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Every Mother Breastfeeds Her Child, Only if She Has Enough Milk: How We Read the Ethnographic Accounts from the Turn of the 19th to the 20th Century

Iva Pleše orcid id ; Institut za etnologiju i folkloristiku, Zagreb

Puni tekst: hrvatski pdf 214 Kb

str. 57-73

preuzimanja: 751



Ethnographic accounts from the end of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th century that were written in accordance with the Osnova za sabiranje i proučavanje građe o narodnom životu (Foundations for Collecting and Studying Materials about Folk Life) and published in the Zbornik za narodni život i običaje južnih Slavena (Journal of Folk Life and Traditions of South Slavs) offer a possibility to explore contemporary narratives about the golden age of breastfeeding in the past, before the development of infant food industry. Based on the reading of these accounts, this paper deals with divergences from the norm as defined in the Osnova (Foundations) and accepted in the professional literature, according to which (in rural areas at the turn of the century) (each) mother breastfed her child. The paper deals with breastfeeding and lactation problems encountered by mothers of newborns and infants, the so-called artificial feeding, and also points to the practice of wet-nursing, combining women’s work with caring for infants, etc. which reveals the social context of breastfeeding that was often extremely disadvantageous for the mother and the child. The paper also shows the potential of connecting the insights offered in the Journal of Folk Life and Traditions of South Slavs with contemporary breastfeeding discourses.

Ključne riječi

breastfeeding, artificial infant feeding, turn of the 19th century, Zbornik za narodni život i običaje južnih Slavena (Journal of Folk Life and Traditions of South Slavs), ethnography

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