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Bilateral deficit: relationships with training history and functional performance

Gareth Nicholson ; Carnegie School of Sport, Leeds Beckett University, UK
Dario Masini ; Carnegie School of Sport, Leeds Beckett University, UK

Puni tekst: engleski pdf 783 Kb

str. 86-94

preuzimanja: 173



The purpose of the study was to investigate the magnitude of bilateral deficit (BLD) in trained males and examine its relationship with functional performance and recent resistance training history. Ten physically active males (age: 23.02±1.27 years) self-reported the number of unilateral and bilateral exercises within their structured resistance training schedule. During two visits to the laboratory, participants performed unilateral and bilateral squat jumps (SJ) and isometric leg extensions (ILE) for the quantification of BLD. Participants also performed bilateral countermovement jumps (CMJ) and a change of direction (COD) test to quantify functional performance. The performance outcomes and information regarding training history were then correlated with the bilateral index (BLI) metric. The key findings were that: (a) a lower BLD in SJ peak power related to a greater CMJ peak force (r=.728; p=.02) and peak power (r=.750; p=.01), (b) the BLI in the ILE was unrelated to performance outcomes, and (c) BLI was unrelated to the mean number of bilateral and unilateral exercises in the structured resistance training programme of participants. In conclusion, lower levels of BLD may be advantageous for bilateral tests of functional performance (i.e. jumps) however there is a need to consider the mechanical similarity between the performance and BLD measure. Finally, the balance of unilateral and bilateral exercises in an individual’s recent resistance training history is not sensitive to the BLI measured during dynamic or isometric assessments.

Ključne riječi

unilateral, strength, jump, specificity

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