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Evaluation of variables of shooting for a goal recorded during the 1997 European basketball championship in Barcelona

Igor Jukić ; Faculty of Physical Education, University of Zagreb, Croatia
Dragan Milanović ; Faculty of Physical Education, University of Zagreb, Croatia
Dinko Vuleta ; Faculty of Physical Education, University of Zagreb, Croatia
M. Bračić ; Faculty of Physical Education, University of Zagreb, Croatia

Puni tekst: engleski pdf 1.181 Kb

str. 51-62

preuzimanja: 87



The research was conducted in order to determine the size of the influence that the variables regarding throwing the ball into the basket have on the final basketball match score. For data acquisition the sample of 62 European Championship matches held in Barcelona was used. The sample of manifested variables consisted of seven standard indicators of situation related efficiency concerning shooting and assists that were officially registered for each team. The data, gathered from the official basketball] game statistics, were processed by means of basic statistical procedures, while the main research problem was analyzed by applying the classical algorithm of the regression analysis. The significant difference was determined between the winning and losing teams in variables of shooting and assists, the winning teams achieving the better results. The difference in the total match score averages between the winning and losing teams was 11 points. Regression analysis revealed interesting information on the relation of the predicting variables regarding ball throws and assists with the final game score in a basketball match. Multiple and partial regression coefficients suggest that the final match score could be predicted on the basis of the predicting variables. Multiple correlation of .59 is statistically significant and there is no doubt that 35% of the variance is common to the predicting variables and to the final match score. In the partial regression coefficients three variables (SUT2NE - two-point field goal-unsuccessful, SUT3NE - three-point field goal unsuccessful, and SLBAUS- free throws-successful) appeared to be the significant predictors. The obtained results support the tactical requirements for a high quality of the play organization on the phase of offence, which should provide a rational selection of shootings and minimize the number of unsuccessful throws. The SLBAUS variable displays that the losing teams were repeatedly forced to commit a considerable number of personal fouls which was, from the aspect of the success criterion, i.e. the final match outcome, beneficial for the winning teams that were successful in performing free throws. This study is a continuation of the research, established long ago, on the influence of standard indicators of the situation-related efficiency on a match outcome or success in the basketball game. It opens further possibilities for enlarging the basis of knowledge concerning this important segment of exact, objective monitoring of sports games, especially basketball.

Ključne riječi

basketball, shooting, regression

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