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Breaking the Glas s Ceiling: the Role of the UN and the EU in Promoting Women in Politics

Ružica Jakešević ; Fakultet političkih znanosti u Zagrebu
Đana Luša ; Fakultet političkih znanosti u Zagrebu

Puni tekst: engleski pdf 334 Kb

str. 33-63

preuzimanja: 500



Politics has traditionally been reserved for men, meaning it has been very difficult‎ for women to enter at the highest level. The progress in gender equality‎ in politics has been uneven so far and significant differences exist among‎ states and regions. The male dominance in state politics has translated into the‎ international realm in international entities and multilateral political platforms‎ as well. Although these entities gradually introduced the principles of gender‎ equality and promoted an increased participation of women in political life in‎ their constituent states through key documents, they face the same problem –‎ how to ensure at least a formal and descriptive representation of women at the‎ highest level and how to translate stated or symbolic gender equality from key‎ documents into practice (symbolic to substantive representation). The aim of‎ this paper is to give an overview of the historical development of the international‎ framework for the equal participation of women in politics. Particularly,‎ this paper analyses how two international entities – the UN and the EU – contribute‎ to overcoming the gender-gap in politics, and whether their activities‎ have influenced an increased participation of women in politics (descriptive‎ representation).‎

Ključne riječi

Women in Politics, Political Participation, Gender Equality, Descriptive Representation, EU, UN

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