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Finding of citrinin in maize from Croatian family farms over a five-year period

Jelka Pleadin ; Hrvatski veterinarski institut, Zagreb, Hrvatska
Nina Kudumija ; Hrvatski veterinarski institut, Zagreb, Hrvatska
Tina Lešić ; Hrvatski veterinarski institut, Zagreb, Hrvatska
Jadranka Frece ; Prehrambeno-biotehnološki fakultet, Zagreb, Hrvatska
Ivana Kmetič ; Prehrambeno-biotehnološki fakultet, Zagreb, Hrvatska
Lidija Dergestin Bačun ; Hrvatski veterinarski institut, Zagreb, Hrvatska
Ksenija Markov ; Prehrambeno-biotehnološki fakultet, Zagreb, Hrvatska

Puni tekst: hrvatski pdf 970 Kb

str. 213-220

preuzimanja: 99



Mycotoxins frequently contaminate food and animal feed, primarily cereals and cereal-based products. Citrinin is a mycotoxin synthesized by several moulds from the genera Penicillium, Aspergillus and Monascus, including P. citrinum as the most significant producer. Given the lack of data on the levels of citrinin in cereals, its concentration in maize (n=158) from family farms in Croatia was analysed over a five-year period (2017- 2021). Citrinin was detected in 25.3% of maize samples collected from throughout Croatia during the five-year period. The highest
average concentrations were established in 2016 (162.9±162.0 μg/kg) and in 2020 (154.9±358.8 μg/kg), and the maximum concentration of 968.6 μg/kg was determined in 2020 in maize sampled from the southern region. Given the established significant contamination of certain samples, it can be concluded that there is a need for systematic control of citrinin in food and feed, and to stipulate the maximum permitted limits of this mycotoxin in the legislation.

Ključne riječi

citrinin, contamination of cereals, maize, maximum limit, legislation

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Podaci na drugim jezicima: hrvatski

Posjeta: 318 *