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Job demands, job control, and social support as predictors of job satisfaction and burnout in Croatian palliative care nurses

Ivana Tucak Junaković orcid id ; University of Zadar Department of Psychology, Zadar, Croatia
Ivana Macuka orcid id ; University of Zadar Department of Psychology, Zadar, Croatia

Puni tekst: engleski pdf 267 Kb

str. 225-231

preuzimanja: 219


Puni tekst: hrvatski pdf 267 Kb

str. 231-231

preuzimanja: 231



The Job Demands-Control-Support (JDCS) model has seldom been tested in palliative care settings, and occupational well-being of palliative care professionals has never before been investigated in Croatia. Our aim was therefore to fill that gap by testing the JDCS model among Croatian nurses providing palliative care. More specifically, we wanted to see how job demands, job control, and social support at work affect occupational well-being outcomes (i.e. job satisfaction and burnout dimensions of exhaustion and disengagement from work) in terms of the model’s iso-strain and buffer hypotheses. This cross-sectional study included 68 nurses working in various palliative care institutions across Croatia, who answered our online questionnaire. Overall, the nurses did not report high levels of burnout or low job satisfaction. The only significant effect was that of job control on job satisfaction (β=0.38; P<0.01) and disengagement (β=-0.45; P<0.01), while job demands and social support at work had a significant interaction effect on the burnout dimension of exhaustion (β=0.39; P<0.01) in the sense that high social support at work buffered the increase in exhaustion associated with high job demands. These findings suggest that interventions aimed at increasing perceived job control and social support at the workplace could improve occupational well-being of nurses working in palliative care.

Ključne riječi

JDSC; mental health; occupational well-being; work stress

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Podaci na drugim jezicima: hrvatski

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