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https://doi.org/10.21860/medflum2021_264903

Pravila PRISMA 2020.: ažurirane smjernice za izvještavanje u sustavnim pregledima

Matthew J. Page orcid id orcid.org/0000-0002-4242-7526 ; School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia
Joanne E McKenzie ; School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia
Patrick Bossuyt ; Department of Clinical Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Bioinformatics, Amsterdam University Medical Centres, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands
Isabelle Boutron ; Université de Paris, Centre of Epidemiology and Statistics (CRESS), Inserm, F 75004 Paris, France
Tammy C. Hoffmann ; Institute for Evidence-Based Healthcare, Faculty of Health Sciences and Medicine, Bond University, Gold Coast, Australia
Cynthia D. Mulrow ; University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, San Antonio, Texas, United States; Annals of Internal Medicine
Larissa Shamseer ; School of Epidemiology and Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Canada
Jennifer M. Tetzlaff ; Evidence Partners, Ottawa, Canada
Elie Akl ; Clinical Research Institute, American University of Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon; Department of Health Research Methods, Evidence, and Impact, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
Sue E Brennan ; School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia
Roger Chou ; Department of Medical Informatics and Clinical Epidemiology, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, Oregon, United States
Julie Glanville ; York Health Economics Consortium (YHEC Ltd), University of York, York, UK
Jeremy M. Grimshaw ; Clinical Epidemiology Program, Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, Ottawa, Canada; School of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Canada; Department of Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Canada
Asbjørn Hróbjartsson ; Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine Odense, Odense University Hospital, Odense, Denmark; Department of Clinical Research, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark; Open Patient data Explorative Network, Odense University Hospital, Odense, Denmark
Manoj M. Lalu ; Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, The Ottawa Hospital, Ottawa, Canada; Clinical Epidemiology Program, Blueprint Translational Research Group, Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, Ottawa, Canada; Regenerative Medicine Program, Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, Ottawa, Canada
Tianjing Li ; Department of Ophthalmology, School of Medicine, University of Colorado Denver, Denver, Colorado, United States; Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, United States
Elizabeth W. Loder ; Division of Headache, Department of Neurology, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States; Head of Research, The BMJ, London, UK
Evan Mayo-Wilson ; Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Indiana University School of Public Health-Bloomington, Bloomington, Indiana, United States
Steve McDonald ; School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia
Luka McGuinness ; Population Health Sciences, Bristol Medical School, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
Lesley A. Stewart ; Centre for Reviews and Dissemination, University of York, York, UK
James Thomas ; EPPI-Centre, UCL Social Research Institute, University College London, London, UK
Andrea C. Tricco ; Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute of St. Michael’s Hospital, Unity Health Toronto, Toronto, Canada; Epidemiology Division of the Dalla Lana School of Public Health and the Institute of Health Management, Policy, and Evaluation, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada; Queen’s Collaboration for Health Care Quality Joanna Briggs Institute Centre of Excellence, Queen’s University, Kingston, Canada
Vivian A. Welch ; Methods Centre, Bruyère Research Institute, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada; School of Epidemiology and Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Canada
Penny Whiting ; Population Health Sciences, Bristol Medical School, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
David Moher ; Centre for Journalology, Clinical Epidemiology Program, Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, Ottawa, Canada; School of Epidemiology and Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Canada


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Sažetak

Uvod: Preporučene smjernice za izvještavanje u sustavnim pregledima i metaanalizama (engl. Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses, PRISMA) prvi su puta objavljene 2009. godine kako bi autorima sustavnih pregleda omogućile transparentno izvještavanje o predmetu istraživanja, korištenim metodama i dobivenim rezultatima. Tijekom posljednjeg desetljeća postignut je značajan napredak u metodologiji i terminologiji sustavnih pregleda, što je rezultiralo potrebom za nadopunjavanjem i prilagođavanjem postojećih smjernica. Svrha rada: Predstaviti ažurirane smjernice PRISMA 2020. za izvještavanje u sustavnim pregledima. Metode: Pregledali smo 60 dokumenata sa smjernicama za izvještavanje u sustavnim pregledima s ciljem obuhvaćanja predloženih izmjena smjernica PRISMA iz 2009. godine. Tražili smo povratne informacije o predloženim izmjenama pomoću internetske ankete provedene među 110 urednika časopisa i metodologa sustavnih pregleda. O rezultatima anketa i pregleda raspravljalo se na sastanku na kojem je sudjelovao 21 član. Nakon sastanka, temeljem povratnih informacija koautora i prigodnog uzorka od 15 recenzenata sustavnih pregleda, generirali smo koncept za kontrolni popis PRISMA 2020., sažetak kontrolnog popisa, razradu i objašnjenje te dijagram toka. Rezultati: U ovom radu predstavljamo kontrolni popis za smjernice PRISMA 2020. sastavljene od 27 stavki, odnosno prošireni kontrolni popis s detaljnim preporukama za izvještavanje pojedine stavke, sažetak kontrolnog popisa PRISMA 2020. te revidirane dijagrame toka za izvorne i ažurirane preglede. Kontrolni popis uključuje nove smjernice za izvještavanje koje sadrže ažurirane metode identifikacije, odabira, procjene i sinteze istraživanja. Struktura i prikaz stavaka su izmijenjeni kako bi se olakšala njihova provedba. Smjernice PRISMA 2020. zamjenjuju smjernice iz 2009. godine. Zaključak: Svrha smjernica PRISMA 2020. je olakšati transparentnost, cjelovitost i točnost izvještavanja u sustavnim pregledima. Poboljšano izvještavanje koristiti će autorima sustavnih pregleda, autorima smjernica, kreatorima politike, zdravstvenim radnicima, pacijentima i drugim korisnicima. U svrhu postizanja navedenih ciljeva potičemo autore, urednike i recenzente da usvoje predstavljene smjernice.

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Hrčak ID:

264903

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https://hrcak.srce.hr/264903

Podaci na drugim jezicima: engleski

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