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Abdominal compartment syndrome in dogs

Siniša Faraguna ; Veterinarski fakultet Sveučilišta u Zagrebu, Hrvatska
Ivo Kokalj ; Specijalistička veterinarska ambulanta ‘’Hajster’’, Hrvatska
Marko Marinović ; Opća bolnica Dubrovnik, Hrvatska
Đivo Ljubičić ; Klinička bolnica Dubrava, Medicinski fakultet Sveučilišta u Zagrebu, Hrvatska
Ana Ševerdija ; Hrvatska
Tomislav Bosanac ; Veterinarski fakultet Sveučilišta u Zagrebu, Hrvatska
Marija Lipar ; Veterinarski fakultet Sveučilišta u Zagrebu, Hrvatska
Ozren Smolec ; Veterinarski fakultet Sveučilišta u Zagrebu, Hrvatska

Puni tekst: hrvatski pdf 322 Kb

str. 769-778

preuzimanja: 201



Abdominal compartment syndrome is a characteristic condition with an intraabdominal pressure higher than 12 mmHg, dilatation of the abdomen accompanied by multiorgan failure, especially the kidney, lungs and cardiovascular system. The development of abdominal compartment syndrome is a very urgent and life-threatening condition with high mortality since it is often accompanied by numerous complications and multiple organ failure. This syndrome has been recognized in human medicine for years and its classification, aetiology, pathophysiology, clinical signs, diagnostic procedures and treatment guidelines have been described. On the other hand, this syndrome often goes unrecognized and undiagnosed in veterinary practice. Due to the broad range of non-specific clinical signs that occur in dogs and due to the rare practice of measuring intra-abdominal pressure, the development of compartment syndrome is often not recognized by veterinarians or it is attributed to other diseases. For the same reason, very few clinical trials or scientific studies in dogs have been conducted to explain the aetiology, pathophysiology, progression, adequate diagnostic procedures and treatment guidelines for this syndrome in veterinary medicine. Since the limits of intraabdominal pressure are not clearly defined in dogs, it is difficult to say when abdominal hypertension actually occurs, and once it occurs whether it will progress into a life-threatening condition. Making the final diagnosis of abdominal compartment syndrome in dogs is very difficult as it can develop due to different traumatic conditions, injuries, burns or organic and systemic diseases. The guidelines for treatment in veterinary patients are not specific, with no individual treatment protocol for dogs described to date, and so treatment is performed according to guidelines taken from human medicine. Indeed, scientific and clinical studies will be needed to gain a better understanding of compartment syndrome, which will enable its easier recognition, better diagnosis and more successful treatment for the benefit of all future patients.

Ključne riječi

syndrome, hypertension, dogs, human, intraabdominal pressure

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Podaci na drugim jezicima: hrvatski

Posjeta: 585 *