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https://doi.org/10.5671/ca.45.2.5

Cardiovascular Disease Continuum – Peripheral Artery Disease Versus Coronary Heart Disease

Blaženka Miškić ; Department of Gastroenterology, Endocrinology and Diabetology, General Hospital “Dr. Josip Benčević“ Slavonski Brod, Croatia
Vesna Ćosić ; Faculty of Dental Medicine and Health, Josip Juraj Strossmayer University, Osijek, Croatia
Katica Cvitkušić Lukenda ; Department of Gastroenterology, Endocrinology and Diabetology, General Hospital “Dr. Josip Benčević“ Slavonski Brod, Croatia
Krešimir Gabaldo ; Department of Gastroenterology, Endocrinology and Diabetology, General Hospital “Dr. Josip Benčević“ Slavonski Brod, Croatia
Ivan Bitunjac ; Department of Gastroenterology, Endocrinology and Diabetology, General Hospital “Dr. Josip Benčević“ Slavonski Brod, Croatia
Domagoj Mišković ; Department of Gastroenterology, Endocrinology and Diabetology, General Hospital “Dr. Josip Benčević“ Slavonski Brod, Croatia
Domagoj Vučić ; Department of Gastroenterology, Endocrinology and Diabetology, General Hospital “Dr. Josip Benčević“ Slavonski Brod, Croatia
Marijana Knežević Praveček ; Department of Cardiology, General Hospital “Dr. Josip Benčević“ Slavonski Brod, Croatia


Puni tekst: engleski pdf 272 Kb

str. 151-156

preuzimanja: 114

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Sažetak

Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is an occlusive disease of extremities, which used to be diagnosed and treated as an isolated disease of the limbs or other parts of the body. Nowadays, the role of PAD transcends the affected limb; instead, the cardiovascular system must be observed as a whole, with PAD having a prognostic role. About 200 million people are affected by PAD worldwide. The prevalence of PAD is likely to increase steadily in the future due to the global aging of the population and the predominantly sedentary lifestyle, along with the expected universal increase in the major PAD risk factors such as smoking habit, diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia and hypertension. Patients with PAD are at a higher risk of coronary disease and cardiovascular events in comparison to healthy control subjects. The severity of PAD correlates with the development and complications of cardiovascular disease. In PAD patients, percutaneous coronary intervention is more demanding, associated with more comorbidities, more complex lesions, and poorer procedural success as compared with PAD-free patients. For a year now, the use of antiplatelet therapy with acetylsalicylic acid in combination with low (vascular) dose of a direct oral anticoagulant has been recommended for cardiovascular and lower limb protection in PAD patients. In the future, we expect a better understanding of atherosclerotic disease, stronger modulation of systemic inflammation, and the discovery of new therapies. In the meantime, it is necessary to identify the risk population and aggressively treat the classic factors – control of blood pressure, glycemia and lipids with antiplatelet and new anticoagulant therapy. The goal is to protect the limb and preserve the cardiovascular continuum. The negative consequences of COVID-19 on treatment CVD will be estimated in the following years.

Ključne riječi

cardiovascular disease, peripheral artery disease, atherosclerosis, risk factors, coronary, lower extremity, primary prevention

Hrčak ID:

266682

URI

https://hrcak.srce.hr/266682

Posjeta: 372 *