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POLITICAL TRUST AND DEMOCRATIC CONSOLIDATION

Pero Maldini orcid id orcid.org/0000-0001-8036-619X ; Odjel za komunikologiju Sveučilišta u Dubrovniku, Dubrovnik, Hrvatska


Puni tekst: hrvatski pdf 267 Kb

str. 179-199

preuzimanja: 1.449

citiraj


Sažetak

The article discusses the problem of political trust and its importance for the functioning of democracy, as well as the differences in the origin and structure of political trust between the old and the new democracies. Political trust is a prerequisite for the legitimacy of democratic regimes. In the new democracies, the commitment to democracy does not automatically create political trust. The problem of democratic functioning of institutions in the circumstances of widespread distrust, that is, the problem of creating trust in the circumstances of institutional inefficiency, revives the determinism of the socio-cultural matrix in transitional societies. The origin and the structure of political trust are discussed within the framework of the cultural and institutional approach. The cultural approach considers trust to be exogenous and determined by socio-cultural characteristics, while in the institutional approach trust is considered to be endogenous, and resulting from functioning institutions. The author points out the limits of the institutional approach since it neglects the fact that existing socio-cultural factors are not compatible to the new political structure caused by the developmental and political discontinuity of the transitional societies. The author also points out the importance of trust in the system’s institutions. Trust is an important socio-cultural feature which enables the consolidation of democracy. The institutions may gain political trust exclusively by being reliable and working in bringing about democratic relations. Workable institutions demand responsibility of political actors, and by respecting democratic norms and procedures they secure the liberty and equality of citizens and enable active political participation. Only in this way can institutions generate trust that would underlie the legitimacy of democratic regimes. Therefore building institutions that would be autonomous to demand efficiency and responsibility from political actors, and would be responsive towards the citizens is the biggest problem and a most important task of the democratic consolidation.

Ključne riječi

political trust, institutional trust, democracy, transitional societies, citizen’s participation, cultural approach, institutional approach

Hrčak ID:

24906

URI

https://hrcak.srce.hr/24906

Podaci na drugim jezicima: hrvatski

Posjeta: 2.608 *