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Body Shape in Relation to Socio-Economic Status in Young Adults from the Basque Country

María Jesús Muñoz-Cachón
Itziar Salces
Marta Arroyo
Laura Ansotegui
Ana María Rocandio
Esther Rebato

Puni tekst: engleski pdf 68 Kb

str. 963-968

preuzimanja: 1.061



Body shape has a great variability determined, partly, by energy intake and physical activity, as well as by gender and
age. The aim of this research was to analyse the relation between socio-economic status (SES) and body shape estimated
through the somatotype, in a sample of university students. The sample included 316 males and 635 females aged 18–33.
Somatotype was estimated by the Heath-Carter anthropometric technique1. The information included data of SES. A
MANOVA test was used to test differences among groups. The mean somatotypes were 4.0–4.4–2.3 in males and 5.4
–3.4–2.2 in females. Sexual dimorphism for the whole somatotype was found (p<0.001). There is a greater stability of the
body shape in females regarding SES and more variability in males. Males’ somatotype was significantly related to
SES, low socioeconomic levels were associated with high values of endomorphy and mesomorphy.

Ključne riječi

body shape; anthropometric somatotype; socio-economic status; young adults; university students

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