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Development of Biomotor Characteristics and Sprint and Throw Athletic Abilities in Six- to Eight-Year-Old Girls

Nebojša Zagorac
Edvard Retelj
Vesna Babić
Tonči Bavčević
Ratko Katić

Puni tekst: engleski pdf 80 Kb

str. 843-850

preuzimanja: 543



The aim of the study was to assess the effect of programmed physical education on biomotor changes in girls, and the
impact of these changes on relations between the set of morphological and motor variables, and athletic variables evaluating
the sprint and throw abilities. Study sample included 310 six- to eight-year-old girls, elementary school first-graders
from the Split area, divided into control group (n=138) attending regular physical education classes and experimental
group (n=172) attending programmed physical education classes based on the elements of athletics, apparatus gymnastics,
games and general preparatory exercises. Relations between the predictor set of variables consisting of 4 morphological
measures and 6 motor tests, and the sprint and ball throw criteria were determined by regression correlation analysis
at the beginning and at the end of the academic year. Both groups achieved favorable quantitative result improvement
between the two measurement points, however, the improvement was considerably more pronounced in experimental
group, especially in the motor abilities of coordination, flexibility, movement frequency, and explosive, repetitive and
static strength. On final measurement, the number of significant predictors for the criterion variables of sprint and ball
throw increased from the initial measurement in both experimental and control group of subjects. In control group, trunk
strength, explosive strength and movement frequency as motor abilities and body height as a morphological characteristic
were found to be the best result predictors in sprint. In experimental group, coordination, flexibility, static arm strength
and trunk strength as motor abilities were the best result predictors in sprint. In the study sample as a whole, explosive
strength and trunk strength were identified as the best predictors of ball throw as a criterion variable. In experimental
group, it was accompanied by muscle mass development and adipose tissue reduction. Based on comparison of these results
and those obtained in previous studies, a new model of work in the athletics events of sprint and throw in elementary
school physical education is proposed.

Ključne riječi

biomotor development in girls, athletic abilities, kinesiologic education

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