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Bosnia and Hercegovina from the first multi-party Elections to the international Recognition

Ivica Lučić ; Hrvatski institut za povijest, Zagreb, Hrvatska

Puni tekst: hrvatski pdf 341 Kb

str. 107-140

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On the basis of documents, transcripts from the sessions of the Assembly of the Socialist Republic of Bosnia and Hercegovina, literature and scholarly publications, the author analyzes and presents the political situation and events in the Socialist Republic of Bosnia and Hercegovina during the election campaigns and at the time of the government of the coalition of the three national parties. This was a coalition of opposing political concepts, which fell apart when it had to clarify its position on the most important political issues. These events are viewed within the context of the combination of all the processes effecting Yugoslavia at the time and compared to the developments in the Republic of Croatia. The demise of the communist system at the end of the 1980s put national relations in the spotlight and brought about the collapse of multinational communities. The Serbian political elite which dominated Social Yugoslavia attempted to preserve it and strengthen it in the form of a
“civil state,“ while Slovenia and Croatia inclined toward independence. Their declarations of independence meant the end of Yugoslavia as it had existed until then. This forced the Bosnian and Hercegovinian political elites to clarify their views on the future of the republic. The Serbs of Bosnia and Hercegovina wanted to “stay within Yugoslavia,“ the Croats wanted to “leave Yugoslavia,“ while the Muslims wanted to preserve and strengthen Bosnia and Hercegovina
as a “civil state“ in which they would be dominant. Just as was the case in Yugoslavia as a whole, so in Bosnia and Hercegovina, the simple alternative that was presented was “civil republic“ or “civil war.“ In both cases, war erupted. Fifteen years following the decisive year of 1991 and eleven years after the war, there is no more Yugoslavia. The same political struggles remain in Bosnia and Hercegovina. In a war without victors the questions of state sovereignty, national sovereignty and entity, and the division of power remain unanswered. The war is continued by other means.

Ključne riječi

Bosnia and Hercegovina, Yugoslavia, Croats, Serbs, Muslims, War, Army, Negotiations, Sovereignty

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Podaci na drugim jezicima: hrvatski

Posjeta: 8.971 *