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Condom Use and Its Consistency among Metropolitan High School Students in Croatia, 1997–2001: Has Anything Changed?

Vlasta Hiršl-Hećej
Aleksandar Štulhofer

Puni tekst: engleski pdf 110 Kb

str. 71-78

preuzimanja: 547



Sexually active adolescents face serious health risks associated with unprotected sexual intercourse, such as HIV infection
and other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), as well as unwanted pregnancy. To assess protective behavior
among urban adolescents in Croatia we surveyed over 4000 high-school students, 15–19 years of age, in two waves: 2070
in 1997 and 1972 in 2001. The survey was carried out in various types of secondary schools in the capital city. The analyses
suggest statistically significant increase in HIV/AIDS related knowledge in the observed period. A slight but significant
increase was also observed in the acceptance of condom use. Both changes were more substantial among female students.
In regards to protective behavior, we found significant increase in condom use, as well as in its consistency. Still, a
large proportion of students did not use condom at last sexual intercourse (40% in 2001). In addition to generational effect,
number of sexual partners, sexual victimization and mother’s education (only in the case of young women) were
identified as correlates of condom use consistency. While mother’s education had positive effect, having 4 or more partners
and having survived sexual violence decreased the likelihood of consistent condom use. In conclusion, the authors
discuss the relevance of systematic school-based prevention of sexual risk taking among Croatian adolescents.

Ključne riječi

adolescents, sexual behavior, condom use

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