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https://doi.org/10.5513/JCEA01/25.1.4056

Growth and yield response of maize (Zea mays var. saccharata) to different nitrogen fertilization sources and rates

Ivanka MITOVA ; Institute of Soil Science, Agrotechnology and Plant Protection “Nikola Poushkarov”, Agricultural Academy, Sofia 1000, Bulgaria
Veselina VASILEVA orcid id orcid.org/0000-0003-2187-0702 ; Institute of Soil Science, Agrotechnology and Plant Protection “Nikola Poushkarov”, Agricultural Academy, Sofia 1000, Bulgaria


Puni tekst: engleski pdf 774 Kb

str. 137-145

preuzimanja: 9

citiraj


Sažetak

Nitrogen is an essential plant nutrient and a major yield-determining factor, required for normal vegetative growth and grain development of maize. Applying nitrogen requires appropriate fertilization management to achieve efficient nutrient utilization. A field experiment was carried out on Fluvisol to evaluate the yield and growth parameters response of maize (Zea mays var. saccharate) to incremental rates of N fertilizer (100, 150, 200 kg N/ha) from two different fertilization sources – ammonium nitrate (NH4 NO3 ) and urea (CH4 N2 O). Highest yield was measured in plants subjected to N200 (9.76 t/ha) fertilization rate with NH4 NO3 . A high linear correlation was observed between yield and nitrogen fertilization rate regardless of the nitrogen source. The effect of different nitrogen rates was significant on leaf number and mass, ears mass, internodes number and mass per plant. The results revealed that the nitrogen source significantly affected the number of leaves per plant and the leaves mass. The individual effects of fertilization rate and source on yield were not statistically significant in isolation. However, when considered together, they exhibited a significant effect at the 95% confidence level.

Ključne riječi

Zea mays; urea; ammonium nitrate; yield

Hrčak ID:

315481

URI

https://hrcak.srce.hr/315481

Datum izdavanja:

25.3.2024.

Podaci na drugim jezicima: bugarski

Posjeta: 27 *