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https://doi.org/10.3935/rsp.v30i3.1889

Improving Working Conditions in Retail During the COVID-19 Pandemic

Goran Vukmirović ; Univerzitet u Novom Sadu Ekonomski fakultet u Subotici, Subotica, Srbija
Radenko Marić ; Univerzitet u Novom Sadu Ekonomski fakultet u Subotici, Subotica, Srbija
Dražen Marić ; Univerzitet u Novom Sadu Ekonomski fakultet u Subotici, Subotica, Srbija
Sonja Vučenović ; Univerzitet u Novom Sadu Ekonomski fakultet u Subotici, Subotica, Srbija
Ksenija Leković ; Univerzitet u Novom Sadu Ekonomski fakultet u Subotici, Subotica, Srbija
Daniela Nuševa ; Univerzitet u Novom Sadu Ekonomski fakultet u Subotici, Subotica, Srbija


Puni tekst: engleski pdf 639 Kb

str. 311-329

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Puni tekst: hrvatski pdf 639 Kb

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Sažetak

The COVID-19 pandemic has significantly changed the patterns of employees' behaviour, especially in the retail sector, which requires continuous contact with consumers. The anti-pandemic measures based on physical distance, wearing medical and protective equipment, application of barriers, frequent disinfection of work surfaces and space, use of strict protocols, and safety standards significantly complicate working conditions. This paper aims to analyse and define incentives for upgrading work and working conditions in retail during the COVID-19 pandemic. The scientific importance of the paper is reflected in the fact that analytically and systematically, it defines incentives that will support the behaviour of employees during crises affecting the retail sector. Unlike existing research in trade and retail, which indicated the importance of individual incentives for improving working conditions in periods of crisis, the contribution of this paper is in the comprehensive analysis, systematization, and definition of the importance of all incentives for improving the working conditions of employees in the retail sector. In this context, empirical research was conducted on a sample of 255 employees and it tested the importance of incentives to improve working conditions such as: maintaining a safe and healthy working environment, how to treat infected workers and workers in contact, the existence of detailed instructions for employees and consumers, organizing transportation for workers, financial incentives for employees, reduction of the scope of business activities, shortening of working hours of facilities, security protocols and digitalization of work processes. The survey was conducted among employees in SMEs and large retail chains. The set hypotheses were tested using the Path Analysis or Structural Modeling (SEM) method. The correlation between the retailer size and the differences in the incentives' impact was assessed by employing Multiple Regression Analysis. The research results showed significant deviations in the mentioned incentives depending on the size of the retailer. Based on the obtained results, a set of measures was proposed that social policymakers and retail facility management should implement to improve working conditions in retail and establish a social safety net that will support employees in times of crisis. Guidelines for future research are provided in the paper.

Ključne riječi

working conditions; work incentives; position of workers; retailing; COVID-19 pandemic

Hrčak ID:

315635

URI

https://hrcak.srce.hr/315635

Datum izdavanja:

1.3.2024.

Podaci na drugim jezicima: hrvatski

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