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The Impact of Human Factors on Safety at Railway- Road Crossings in the Western Part of Croatia

Siniša Vilke ; University of Rijeka, Faculty of Maritime Studies
Kristina Dundović orcid id ; Polytechnic of Rijeka
Josip Knežević orcid id ; HŽ Infrastructure Ltd. *

* Autor za dopisivanje.

Puni tekst: engleski pdf 2.709 Kb

str. 47-62

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Railway-road crossings over rail tracks are intersections of two separate transportation systems
that, from a safety standpoint, represent a high-risk point for all traffic participants. In the absence of
adequate levels of protection at railway-road crossings, the danger significantly increases, as evidenced
by the number of traffic accidents occurring at these locations. The subject of research in this paper
is the impact of the human factor on safety at railway-road crossings in the Western Region, which
encompasses the areas of Karlovac County, Lika-Senj County, Primorje-Gorski Kotar County, and
Istria County. The aim of this study is to determine the safety conditions at railway-road crossings in
the Western Region and compare them with the rest of the Republic of Croatia. Subsequently, the goal
is to ascertain the extent of the human factor’s influence on their occurrence. The working hypothesis
states that accidents resulting in fatalities occur at railway-road crossings with low railway and road
traffic on county, local, and unclassified roads in or near settlements because drivers fail to comply
with regulations. To support the hypothesis, the study utilized scientific methods such as analysis and
synthesis, descriptive method, induction and deduction method, and comparative method. The research
results are based on secondary sources of data for the period from 2014 to 2023.

Ključne riječi

railway traffic, railway-road crossings, incidents, safety, human factor

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