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Variability and relationships of important alfalfa germplasm agronomic traits

MARIJANA TUCAK ; Department of Forage Crops, Breeding and Genetics, Agricultural Institute Osijek, Juzno predgradje 17, 31000 Osijek, Croatia
SVETISLAV POPOVIĆ ; Department of Forage Crops, Breeding and Genetics, Agricultural Institute Osijek, Juzno predgradje 17, 31000 Osijek, Croatia
SONJA GRLJUŠIĆ ; Department of Forage Crops, Breeding and Genetics, Agricultural Institute Osijek, Juzno predgradje 17, 31000 Osijek, Croatia
TIHOMIR ČUPIĆ ; Department of Forage Crops, Breeding and Genetics, Agricultural Institute Osijek, Juzno predgradje 17, 31000 Osijek, Croatia
VINKO KOZUMPLIK ; Department of Plant Breeding, Genetics and Biometrics, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Zagreb, Svetosimunska 25, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
BRANIMIR ŠIMIĆ ; Department of Seed Multiplication, Agricultural Institute Osijek, Juzno predgradje 17, 31000 Osijek, Croatia


Puni tekst: engleski pdf 102 Kb

str. 311-315

preuzimanja: 827

citiraj


Sažetak

Background and Purpose: The objective of this paper was to establish
variability as well as to estimate stability of the most important alfalfa agronomic traits, with respect to germplasms of different origin. Correlations between the investigated traits were also analysed, since data on relationships are of great importance in selection, especially in traits with low genetic variability.

Material and Methods: Experimental material consisted of 12 alfalfa
germplasms. Investigation was carried out during a two-year period on two locations, at two different soil types. The field trial was arranged according to the randomised block design with four replications.

Results and Conclusions: There was a statistically significant difference of green mass yield from 59.43 t ha–1 (Astra) to 69.04 t ha–1 (PCP), of dry matter from 12.26 t ha–1 (Astra) to 14.10 t ha–1 (PCP), of proteins from 2.49 t ha–1 (Panonija) to 3.03 t ha–1 (PCP), of plant height from 54.67 cm (OS – 90) to 60.82 (Elena), of leaf ratio to green mass from 51.03% (Elena) to 53.56% (Panonija) and of protein content in dry matter from 19.86% (Posavina) to 20.96% (PCP). There were positive correlations between green mass yield, dry matter, protein level and plant height, leaf ratio in green mass was in a negative correlation to yields and plant height. High
and stable green mass yields were provided by germplasm OS-88, Du Puits, Elena, Posavina, Vuka and the breeding population PCP in various environmental conditions of plant growth.

Ključne riječi

alfalfa, variability, yield, correlation, stability

Hrčak ID:

35930

URI

https://hrcak.srce.hr/35930

Posjeta: 1.235 *