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paper Comparative Analysis of Plant Finds from Early Roman Graves in Ilok (Cuccium) and Šćitarjevo (Andautonia), Croatia – A Contribution to Understanding Burial Rites in Southern Pannonia

Renata Šoštarić
Marko Dizdar
Dora Kušan
Vladimir Hršak
Sara Mareković

Puni tekst: engleski pdf 441 Kb

str. 429-436

preuzimanja: 1.405



A comparative archaeobotanical analysis of the plant remains from the Early Roman incineration graves in Ilok and Šćitarjevo shows the existence of a complex burial ritual, but at the same time enables a better understanding of the agriculture and trade of the 1st/early 2nd century AD in southern Pannonia. Most of the cereals found (Hordeum vulgare, Panicum miliaceum, Triticum monococcum, T. dicoccon, T. aestivum i T. cf. spelta), the legumes (Lens culinaris, Vicia ervilia) and the fruit contributions (Cucumis melo/sativus, Malus/Pyrus sp., the Prunus avium group, P. domestica, Vitis vinifera) were probably grown in the vicinity of the investigated localities, but they might at the same time have been trade goods. Trade was undoubtedly well developed at that period, as shown by the remains of the fig (Ficus carica) and olive (Olea europaea), typically Mediterranean crops, in the finds. All the species of cereals, except millet (Panicum miliaceum) in Šćitarjevo, and of bitter vetch (Vicia ervilia) found in the Ilok grave were carbonised and were probably placed on the funeral pyre with the departed. The lentil (Lens culinaris) and the other fruit remains were non-carbonised and mineralised, which means that they were placed in the grave in fresh, dried or cooked form as food for the deceased (belief in an immortal soul), as remains of the funerary feast, or as a sacrifice to the goods

Ključne riječi

plant remains, incineration graves, burial rites, Roman times, Ilok, Šćitarjevo, Croatia

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