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Prefixes and prototypes: Contrasting the English verbal prefix un- and Bosnian raz-

Jasmina Hanić ; Filozofski fakultet Sveučilišta u Tuzli

Puni tekst: engleski pdf 160 Kb


str. 153-181

preuzimanja: 4.295



Prefixation is traditionally studied and regarded as the process of word formation.
However, in this paper we try to approach the issue of prefixation from a different
perspective. This paper describes the semantic structure of the verbal prefix UN- in
English and one of its Bosnian counterparts RAZ- within the theoretical and methodological
framework of cognitive linguistics. The first part of the paper gives a
brief theoretical account of relevant issues: categorization, prototype theory, and
polysemy. The second part of the paper presents the analysis of semantic structure
of the verbal prefix UN- in English and the verbal prefix RAZ- in Bosnian. In this
paper, we will try to provide a cognitively based account of the meanings of the
prefixes mentioned. The sub-meanings will also be given within a cognitive prototype
model together with the meaning extensions which are achieved through the
mechanisms of conceptual metaphor and metonymy.

Ključne riječi

prefixes; English; Bosnian; prototype theory; category; polysemy; meaning; sub-meaning; meaning extensions; metaphor; metonymy

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Podaci na drugim jezicima: hrvatski

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