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Parasitoid assemblages of two invading black locust leaf miners, Phyllonorycter robiniella and Parectopa robiniella in Hungary

GYÖRGY CSÓKA ; Department of Forest Protection, Forest Research Institute, 3232 Mátrafüred, P.O.Box 2, Hungary
ZSOLT PÉNZES ; Department of Ecology, Szeged University & Institute of Genetics, Biological Research Center, Szeged, Hungary
ANIKÓ HIRKA ; Department of Forest Protection, Forest Research Institute, 3232 Mátrafüred, P.O.Box 2, Hungary
ISTVÁN MIKÓ ; Pest Diagnostic Laboratory, Plant Protection and Soil Conservation, Directorate of County Vas, 9762 Tanakajd, Hungary
DINKA MATOŠEVIĆ ; Division for Forest Protection and Game Management, Croatian Forest Research Institute, 10450 Jastrebarsko, Croatia

Puni tekst: engleski pdf 163 Kb


str. 405-411

preuzimanja: 1.090



Background and Purpose: Two leaf miners, Parectopa robiniella and
Phyllonorycter robiniella (Lepidoptera, Gracillariidae), native to North
America, were stablished in Europe. These two invaders provide an excellent opportunity to study the insertion of new species into an existing host-parasitoid community. The following hypotheses were tested: (i) parasitoids attacking the invaders have a wide rather than a narrow host range; (ii) the invading leaf-miner species on black locust are attacked by fewer species of parasitoids than endemic species; (iii) the parasitoid communities attacking invading species are most similar to those attacking endemic leaf-miners with similar ecology; (iv) how the parasitoid communities affect the population dynamics of invaders; (v) what is the difference between
the Ph. robiniella and Pa. robiniella parasitoid communities.

Materials and Methods: Samples were taken at two sites in pure black
locust stands: Gödöllõ (Pest county) and Visonta (Heves county) and in the western part of Hungary: Csorna, Koroncó, Lövõ (Gyõr-Moson-Sopron County). From each sampling site twenty 60 cm long branches were randomly cut and the first top 15 leaveswere checked on each branch: the number of leaflets per leaves and the number of mines per each leaflet were counted. 300 mines of each leaf-miner species were chosen randomly from 10 trees in different canopy levels and were carried to the laboratory for further individual rearing.

Results and Conclusions: All the parasitoid species reared from these
two leaf-miners are generalists – common and abundant species on different lepidopteran leaf-miners associated with oaks and other woody plants. In both, Ph. robiniella and Pa. robiniella, the same dominant species of parasitoidswere reared. In Ph. robiniella the parasitoid species richness was slightly higher than in Pa. robiniella. The two invading leaf-miners, Ph. robiniella and Pa. robiniella, recruited a parasitoid community of nearly the same size as native Phyllonorycter species on oaks and this process of shifting onto new hosts was quite rapidly, during 10–20 years. The parasitoid communities of Parectopa are simpler than in Phyllonorycter, which is probably due to differentmine structure and ecology of the two invading hosts.

Ključne riječi

Phillonorycter robiniella; Parectopa robiniella; Robinia pseudoacacia; parasitism; parasitoids

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