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Cranial variation and microevolution in two early middle age from Croatia: Privlaka and Stari Jankovci

M. Šlaus

Puni tekst: engleski pdf 2.327 Kb

str. 273-307

preuzimanja: 1.159



The analysis of 41 male skeletons recovered from two Early Middle Age sites in Eastern Slavonia, Privlaka and Stari Jankovci, provides data on population structure and the effects of ecological and cultural change on biological adaptation. A discriminanmt function analysis of 13 cranial measurements based on a sample of 150 skulls from the same temporal and spatial provenience was performed with the aim of determining the racial affinity of the individuals from the two analysed sites. The analysis correctly assigned race in 73,3 % of the sample (range from 64-80%). In view of the large number of groups discriminated (n=6), this compares favourably to result achieved by other authors. Application of the discriminant functions to the analysed sample shows diferential racial presence and representation in the two sites. Paleodemographic data also indicates different mean ages at death, both between the two sites and between the various populations present in them. Skeletal markers of nutritional stress, dental pathology, trauma and occupational stress are evenly distributed. Different mean ages at death are related to disease selection in the presence of endemic tuberculosis. Cranial variation between the two sites is interpreted through thr effects microevolutionary; natural selection and gene flow.

Ključne riječi

analiza kosti; Privlaka; Stari Jankovci; analiza avaro-slavenske populacije; kromanjonska-A populacija; mongolska populacija

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