Skoči na glavni sadržaj

Prethodno priopćenje

Rethinking development: Religious tourism to St. Padre Pio as material and cultural revitalization in Pietrelcina

Michael A. Di Giovine orcid id ; Department of Anthropology, University of Chicago, USA

Puni tekst: engleski pdf 149 Kb

str. 271-278

preuzimanja: 1.152



This article re-conceptualizes processes whereby religious tourism is adopted to generate socio-cultural “betterment” in small-scale societies by presenting an in-depth case study of the Southern Italian village of Pietrelcina, the birthplace of recently canonized St. Padre Pio of Pietrelcina. “Tourism development” has long been considered central for economic development, employment, and poverty alleviation; it has also been criticized as fostering neocolonialism, inauthenticity and museumification. Arguing that the pervasive “development paradigm” creates a tautology whereby outside forces create and attempt to alleviate local tensions between maintaining tradition and transformation, the paper argues that such initiatives be organic and focused on tourism’s potentialities and intangible effects; an adaptation of Anthony Wallace’s classic anthropological model of revitalization movements is then proposed. In contrast to the “development paradigm’s” linear, top-down, and anti-organic approach, a revitalization movement posits society as a life-cycle, wherein members organically look to past practices to resolve present problems. Drawing on data collected over more than two years of fieldwork, the paper presents an ethnographic analysis of the variety of responses by Pietrelcina’s locals and site managers to tourism’s revitalizing potential, ultimately urging practitioners and researchers alike to consider revitalization theory as a model for sustainable tourism development.

Ključne riječi

tourism; development; revitalization; pilgrimage; Pietrelcina; Padre Pio; Italy

Hrčak ID:



Datum izdavanja:


Posjeta: 2.090 *