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Transfer of Cadastral data into the New State Coordinate System HTRS96/TM

Vlado Cetl orcid id ; Geodetski fakultet, Kačićeva 26, 10000 Zagreb
Bojan Barišić ; Hrvatski geodetski institut, Savska c. 41/VII, 10000 Zagreb
Ivica Šarušić ; Geodetska tehnička škola, Avenija Većeslava Holjevca 15, 10000 Zagreb

Puni tekst: hrvatski pdf 4.759 Kb

str. 593-601

preuzimanja: 1.549



Cadastral data play important role in many fields directly or indirectly associated with their use (land surveying, architecture and urban planning, civil engineering, agronomy, forestry, transport, tourism, etc.). In forestry cadastral data mostly are used to manage forest land through the planning, protection, conservation and sustainable development.
In past 10 years there are significant changes in legislation concerning the official spatial data which are also reflected on the cadastral data. Certainly two of the most important changes are the introduction of new geodetic datum and map projection, and also transition to real estate cadastre. These proces­ses for a wide range of users will induce new investments in the transforma­tion of existing, or acquisition of new related maps in the new datum and projection if they want to be overlaid with the cadastral data.
Except the transformation to new datum and projection, in the process of transition from land cadastre to real estate cadastre it is necessary to conduct homogenization. This process is needed after transformation, for cadastral municipalities with older cadastral surveys conducted with graphical method. This process is required for solving poor cadastral plan geometric accuracyrelated to graphical method technical limitations. Homogenization is defined with identical points collected by the usage of Digital OrtoPhoto in scale 1:5000 (DOP5).
Since Croatia is on the beginning of this kind of works, this paper examines the transformation methods of cadastral data and the optimal selection of iden­tical point’s density on the sample of cadastral district Brckovljani (Figure 1).
The transformations of cadastral data were performed by the national GRID model transformation and 7-parameter transformation (Table 1). For transformations control purposes, coordinates of 4 trigonometric points mea­sured with CROPOS system (directly in new datum with specified precision of 2 cm) are used. Statistical values for the GRID transformation meet the expec­tations (Table 2, left), and some improvements in 7-parameter transformation (Table 2, right) could be expected if locally estimated parameters will be used. However, main problems with the local parameters are extra efforts for their district level estimation and related complications with continuity of transfor­mations on district borders. The GRID transformation model, after it become official, seems like appropriate solution.
In the process of homogenization basic principle for the selection of an identical point is its stability since the time of cadastral survey. Most of the ca­dastral plans (approximately 75%) are created by surveys older than 100 years, so this principle is very difficult to meet. Before the selection of identical points, 200 x 200 meters grid was constructed to support their easier selection and regular distribution. Selection is performed in 3 different densities over­laying DOP5 (density I – 0,16 IP/ha, density II – 0,07 IP/ha and density III – 0,02 IP/ha). For the control of identical point’s density impact on the final re­sults of homogenization, set of 44 control points is used. The situation with geometry of the cadastral plan before homogenization could be seen in Figure 3 and Table 3. Impact of identical point’s density is evaluated comparing stati­stics on control points before homogenization (Table 3, right), and after this process (Table 4). Only the densest set of identical points (0,16 IP/ha) has sta­tistical indicators better after than before homogenization. Density has crucial impact on the costs of the homogenization process but on this example it is easy to see that savings in this segment could degrade geometry of cadastral plan which is unacceptable.

Ključne riječi

cadastre, digital cadastral map, homogenization, HTRS96/TM, transformation

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Podaci na drugim jezicima: hrvatski

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