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A 10-Year Experience in the Treatment of Intraabdominal Cerebrospinal Fluid Pseudocysts

Franjo Bartolek
Mirko Žganjer
Anto Pajić
Ante Čizmić
Antun Kljenak
Irenej Cigit
Andrija Car
Jasminka Stepan
Dubravka Bartolek
Arijana Boras

Puni tekst: engleski pdf 86 Kb

str. 1397-1400

preuzimanja: 338



The aim of this retrospective study was to assess a ten-year experience in the treatment of rare complications of ventriculoperitoneal shunting – intraabdominal cerebrospinal fluid pseudocysts. At this time there are no data about incidence, clinical course and treatment of these complications in Croatia. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) abdominal pseudocyst is an uncommon but important complication of ventriculoperitoneal shunts. Retrospective data were obtained from 5 children with abdominal CSF pseudocysts, treated between 1996 and 2007. The incidence of intraabdominal CSF pseudocysts in our study is 2.9%. All patients were girls ranged in age from 4 to 12 years old (mean 8.8 years). In most cases etiology of hydrocephalus was congenital, idiopathic. Abdominal pain and distension were the most frequent clinical finding (4/5). Although infection has been reported as responsible for pseudocyst formation, we did not found it in our series. Laparotomy with cyst wall excision and catheter replacement was performed in 2/5 cases, and only cyst fluid aspiration with catheter replacement in 3/5 cases. Recurrence of the abdominal cyst was observed in one girl who was in terminal stadium of anaplastic ependymoma. It is our opinion that only catheter replacement and cyst fluid evacuation, as one of the treatment modalities, may be successful, even in large CSF intraperitoneal pseudocysts.

Ključne riječi

hydrocephalus, CSF pseudocyst, ventriculoperitoneal shunt

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