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Methods for Measuring Acoustic Power of an Ultrasonic Neurosurgical Device

Antonio Petošić
Bojan Ivančević
Dragoljub Svilar
Tihomir Štimac
Josip Paladino
Darko Orešković
Ivana Jurjević
Marijan Klarica

Puni tekst: engleski pdf 281 Kb

str. 107-113

preuzimanja: 957



Measurement of the acoustic power in high-energy ultrasonic devices is complex due to occurence of the strong cavitation in front of the sonotrode tip. In our research we used three methods for characterization of our new ultrasonic probe for neuroendoscopic procedures. The first method is based on the electromechanical characterization of the device measuring the displacement of the sonotrode tip and input electrical impedance around excitation frequency with different amounts of the applied electrical power. The second method is based on measuring the spatial pressure magnitude distribution of an ultrasound surgical device produced in an anechoic tank. The acoustic reciprocity principle is used to determinate the derived acoustic power of equivalent ultrasound sources at frequency components present in the spectrum of
radiated ultrasonic waves. The third method is based on measuring the total absorbed acoustic power in the restricted volume of water using the calorimetric method. In the electromechanical characterization, calculated electroacoustic efficiency factor from equivalent electrical circuits is between 40–60%, the same as one obtained measuring the derived acoustic power in an anechoic tank when there is no cavitation. When cavitation activity is present in the front of the sonotrode tip the bubble cloud has a significant influence on the derived acoustic power and decreases electroacoustic efficiency. The measured output acoustic power using calorimetric method is greater then derived acoustic power, due to a large amount of heat energy released in the cavitation process.

Ključne riječi

ultrasound surgical device; sonotrode tip displacement; derived acoustic power; output acoustic power

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