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Contact Allergy Caused by Fragrance Mix and Myroxylon pereirae (Balsam Of Peru), a Retrospective Study

Petra Turčić
Jasna Lipozenčić
Višnja Milavec-Puretić
Sandra Marinović Kulišić

Puni tekst: engleski pdf 113 Kb

str. 83-87

preuzimanja: 773



Because of their widespread use, fragrances are among the most common causes of contact allergic dermatitis, second
only to nickel. During a five-year period 3,065 patients with contact dermatitis were patch tested using a specific mix of
fragrances. 509 (16.6%) patients were allergic to the fragrance mix, while 258 (8.4%) patients exhibited an allergic reaction
to Myroxylon pereirae (balsam of Peru). Between those 509 patients, 157 were patch tested with eight individual
substances contained in the fragrance mix: cinnamal, cinnamyl alcohol, eugenol, isoeugenol, geraniol, hydroxycitronellal,
alpha-amyl cinnamal and Evernia prunastri (oak moss). The most frequent allergens were isoeugenol 57.9%
(91/157), eugenol 55.4% (87/157), cinnamyl alcohol 34.4% (54/157) and Evernia prunastri (oak moss) 24.2% (38/157).
There were 62 patients (39.5%) who exhibited an allergic reaction to both the fragrance mix and Myroxylon pereirae (balsam
of Peru). The results prove the importance of avoiding allergens in daily life, especially in industrial and cosmetic
products. In order to prevent ACD, better cooperation between industry and dermatologists is needed.

Ključne riječi

fragrances, contact allergic dermatitis, Myroxylon pereirae (balsam of Peru), fragrance mix, fragrance ingredients

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