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Dragutin Lalović ; Fakultet političkih znanosti Sveučilišta u Zagrebu, Zagreb, Hrvatska

Puni tekst: hrvatski pdf 141 Kb

str. 50-70

preuzimanja: 876



To what extent is Marx’s thought conceptually and analytically relevant for
a systematic understanding of modern society – this was the subject of the
theoretical dialogue which engaged many researchers, including some of the
most prominent ones. This text focuses on the theoretical critical confrontation
of Dag Strpić (in the article “Market or Commodity Formation/Production
of Society?”, which is the third, partly reworked chapter of his book Karl
Marx and the Political Economy of Modernity) with the philosophical project
of reconstruction of Marx’s science of history in Jacques Bidet’s work What
is To Be Done with “Capital”?. The discussion focused on two basic issues:
the logical starting point and the character of exposition of Marx’s theory of
capital. Bidet advocates the thesis that commodity as Marx’s starting point
(Section I of Book I) is inadequate, and he demonstrates the non-dialectical
(“genetic”) character of the categorial exposition of the capitalist-way-
-of-production theory as a whole. In contrast therewith, Strpić demonstrates
that the logical starting point of Marx’s system is adequately apprehended as
“commodity in general”, if one perceives it from the viewpoint of the logic
of the entire system and of the subject of his analysis as “capital in general”.
Bidet seeks to show that Marx, in defining the capital system logic, gradually
abandoned, albeit inconsistently and only in part, the dialectical figures
as epistemological obstacles. Strpić, on the other hand, shows what makes the
Marxian modality of materialistic dialectics constitutive not only with regard
to Marx’s “critique”, but also to the very reality of capitalist society and the
possibility of surpassing it. Notwithstanding his agreement with Bidet and
Strpić that a (truly indispensable) general theory of modernity can be constituted
only through creative and interpretative relying on the great works of
political thought of modernity, and his sincere commendation to both for their
outstanding reading of Marx’s work in this context, the author concludes in
his final remarks that both are open to the following objection: their projects
of a contemporary general theory of modernity, regardless of all aspects in
which they differ, rely too much on further development of Marx’s intention,
and thereby lose from sight the fundamental “theological-political” problem,
which Marx dissolves in the immanentism of the process of production/reproduction
of the modern civil community.

Ključne riječi

starting point and structure of exposition of Capital; dialectics; “capital in general”; Strpić; Bidet; Marx

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