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Damir Grubiša ; Fakultet političkih znanosti Sveučilišta u Zagrebu, Zagreb, Hrvatska

Puni tekst: hrvatski pdf 147 Kb

str. 185-209

preuzimanja: 1.738



In this article the author analyses the innovations in the Treaty of Lisbon, in
particular the ones related to the status of European citizenship, i.e. European
citizens. Accordingly, he points out the fact that many authors who investigate
the significance and reach of the Treaty of Lisbon as a constitutional surrogate
fail to see the important innovations related to consolidation and development
of the concept of European citizenship. In the first part, the author sketches out
the evolution of the European citizenship concept from the first founding treaties
of the European Coal and Steel Community and the European Community.
He concludes that the Treaty on European Union and the constituting of the
EU as a supranational political community sui generis marked the beginning
of practical realization of the European citizenship concept. This was carried
out primarily through policy-measures and pilot-programmes, and then the
discussion on the European Constitution incited the shift to a higher level of
affirmation of European citizenship. The problem of European citizenship as
a political project of construction of an European demos encounters many difficulties
and contradictions, and the Treaty of Lisbon links the realization of
European citizenship with the spreading of democracy, which has been at the
roots of the European integration process from the originally projected model
of representative democracy to the model of participative and immediate
(direct) democracy. For this reason, the “European citizens’ initiative” is an
important innovation which provides a new stimulus to the realization of the
European citizenship concept. It remains uncertain, however, how firmly this
political idea can be established if in some of the EU member-states citizens
are still treated as nationals, i.e. if they do not participate in public affairs of
their nation-state as much as they should participate even at the very top of the
pyramid of a multi-level governance system such as the EU.

Ključne riječi

citizenship; citizens; European citizenship; nationality; Treaty of Lisbon; innovations; representative democracy; participation of citizens

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