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Original scientific paper

Impact of pre-pregnancy BMI on blood glucose levels in pregnancy and on the anthropometry of newborns – preliminary insights from the Croatian Islands' Birth Cohort Study (CRIBS)

Nives Fuchs ; Institute for Anthropological Research, Zagreb, Croatia
Natalija Novokmet ; Institute for Anthropological Research, Zagreb, Croatia
Ivana Lela ; Faculty of Science, University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia
Matea Zajc Petranović ; Institute for Anthropological Research, Zagreb, Croatia
Dubravka Havaš Auguštin ; Institute for Anthropological Research, Zagreb, Croatia
Jelena Šarac ; Institute for Anthropological Research, Zagreb, Croatia
Tonko Carić ; Institute for Anthropological Research, Zagreb, Croatia
Ivan Dolanc ; Institute for Anthropological Research, Zagreb, Croatia
Deni Kurelović ; Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University Hospital Center Split, Split, Croatia
Veselin Škrabić ; Department of Paediatrics, University Hospital Center Split, Split, Croatia
Biserka Orehovec ; Clinical Department of Laboratory Diagnostics, Dubrava University Hospital, Zagreb, Croatia
Željko Romić ; Clinical Department of Laboratory Diagnostics, Dubrava University Hospital, Zagreb, Croatia
Stipan Janković ; Department for Radiologic Technology, University Department for Health Care Studies, University of Split, Split, Croatia
Sanja Musić Milanović ; Croatian Institute of Public Health Zagreb, Croatia
Eva Anđela Delale ; University Department of Croatian Studies, University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia
Noel Cameron ; Loughborough University, School of Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences, Loughborough, UK
Saša Missoni ; J. J. Strossmayer University, School of Medicine, Osijek, Croatia


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Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) and fasting blood glucose level in pregnancy on the anthropometry of newborns. The sample consisted of 171 healthy pregnant women and their newborns from the Croatian Islands' Birth Cohort Study. Peripheral blood of pregnant women was taken in the second trimester and fasting glucose values >5.1 mmol/l were considered elevated. Anthropometric variables (body weight, height and waist circumference) were measured according to the International Biological Program. Pre-pregnancy BMI and fasting glucose levels during pregnancy were significantly positively correlated (p<0,01), as were pre-pregnancy BMI and birth weight (p<0,05), length (p<0,01), and head circumference (p<0,05) of the newborns. Hyperglycaemic women gave birth to significantly heavier newborn girls then normal glycaemic women (p<0.05). In conclusion, there was a positive correlation between pre-pregnancy BMI, fasting glucose during pregnancy and the anthropometry of newborns in this study.

Keywords

Croatian Islands' Birth Cohort Study, pre-pregnancy BMI, fasting glucose in pregnancy, anthropometry, newborns

Hrčak ID:

205634

URI

https://hrcak.srce.hr/205634

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