Skip to the main content

Preliminary communication

Synchronised and non‐synchronised articulation of Polish nasals ą and ę in child and adult speech

Jacek Kudera orcid id ; Aarhus University, Denmark

Full text: english pdf 468 Kb

page 161-188

downloads: 321



Nasals are highly frequent sounds in the Polish language. It is believed that their articulation is mainly dependent on surrounding segments. The standard register of Polish language contains two different patterns of articulation of nasalised sounds, so called: synchronised and non-synchronised. This study attempts to show that surrounding consonants have different impact on the way of nasals articulation among adults and children. The acoustic methodology was applied in order to verify the hypothesis about differences in asynchronous articulation of nasals ą, ę in CVC and CV clusters in front of stops and affricatives; and synchronic articulation before fricatives among children and adults. Nasalised sounds were investigated on the basis of utterances of two children (3;9, 10;1) and compared with similar segments of adult speech excerpted from SpokesWeb CLARIN database.


language acquisition; acoustic phonetics; nasals ą and ę; Polish

Hrčak ID:



Publication date:


Visits: 842 *