Skip to the main content

Original scientific paper

Socioeconomic condition and dietary habits in relation to oral health in 12-year-old children from Sarajevo, Bosnia-Hercegovina

A. Zukanovic
E. Nakas
N. Markovic
A. Arslanagic

Full text: english pdf 228 Kb

page 22-25

downloads: 271



Introduction: Living conditions and socioeconomic status are the significant determinants of oral health. The research goal was to
analyze the dietary habits of 12-year-old children in Sarajevo, Bosnia-Hercegovina. Another goal was to investigate the differences in
food cariogenicity of children living under different socioeconomic conditions and to determine their relationship with the oral health.
Materials and methods: The sample included 109 children, classified in groups of high, average and low socioeconomic status. Based
on the survey and examination, data on nutrition and caries experience (DMFT index) were obtained.
Results: There was a difference in dietary habits between children living under different conditions. Children of high socioeconomic
status (SES) had a more favorable number of daily meals comparing to children of low socioeconomic status. The average DMFT
index, as a measure of caries experience of 12-year-old children amounted 4.8(±3.2). Children of high socioeconomic status had
significantly lower caries experience than those from average and low statuses (high SES DMFT 3,60±2,84SD vs. middle SES
DMFT 5,28±3,83SD and low SES DMFT 5,47±2,53SD; p<0.05).


dietary habits, socioeconomic condition, childre, oral health

Hrčak ID:



Visits: 593 *