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Original scientific paper

https://doi.org/10.5671/ca.46.2.4

Outcome of Pregnancy and Maternal Weight in Women Living in Coastal and Continental Croatia

Andrea Russo ; Faculty of Maritime Studies, University of Split, Split, Croatia
Damir Roje ; School of Medicine, University of Split, Split, Croatia
Ines Banjari ; Department of Food and Nutrition Research, Faculty of Food Technology, University of Osijek, Osijek, Croatia
Rosanda Mulić ; School of Medicine, University of Split, Split, Croatia
Zlatko Kljajić ; Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Polyclinic Bagatin, Split, Croatia
Viviana Radica ; School of Medicine, University of Split, Split, Croatia
Nikola Kolja Poljak ; School of Medicine, University of Split, Split, Croatia
Iris Jerončić Tomić ; School of Medicine, University of Split, Split, Croatia
Marin Čagalj ; Institute for Adriatic Crops and Karst Reclamation, Split, Croatia


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Abstract

Pregnancy outcomes are under the influence of maternal characteristics and environmental factors, diet being the most important. The benefits of the Mediterranean diet on all health indicators, including pregnancy, are well documented, placing at the top of the world’s healthiest diets. The aim was to investigate whether pregnant women living in the Mediterranean part of Croatia have better pregnancy outcomes in comparison to women living in the continental region. Observational longitudinal study was conducted in two Croatia’s regions: continental (city of Osijek and surrounding area) and coastal (city of Split and surrounding area). Even though women for the coastal region gained more weight during pregnancy (p=0.048) and prolonged gestation (p<0.001), maternal nutritional status has a higher influence on offspring’s nutritional status at delivery among women from the continental region. The incidence of pregnancy disorders (p<0.001) is higher among women from the continental region. Maternal weight prior to delivery was associated with caesarean section in both regions. Despite an unfavorable maternal nutritional status, both prior and during gestation and prolonged gestation, offspring’s nutritional status is better in the Mediterranean part of Croatia.

Keywords

Mediterranean diet, food patterns, pregnancy outcomes, pre-pregnancy obesity, Croatia

Hrčak ID:

280906

URI

https://hrcak.srce.hr/280906

Publication date:

30.6.2022.

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