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Review article

Globalization and Christianity. Cultural Identity and World Government

Pierre de Charentenay ; Faculty of the Society of Jesus in Paris, Paris, France

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Globalization has multiple effects among which are the acceleration of change and increase in inequality. Christians have often reacted negatively to this, however they do understand that this phenomenon can have positive aspects, particularly in the spreading of democratic ideas. The globalization of culture follows, and here the media take on a major role. Religions are also influenced by new contacts and may feel endangered. Negative reactions are a true temptation, evident in the rise of populist parties in Europe. Answers to these deviations exist. Firstly, they are to be found in local development, the key to identity, however international regulation is needed for the economy to remain in the service of man and his development. The Church has firmly demanded that a true secular authority be established which would be capable of controlling international tensions. Many such institutions do exist, but they must learn to collaborate. Finally it is the citizens' duty to manifest their desire to overcome the constraints of globalization through local organizations. It is the activity of civil society which will open globalization to control so as to advance the common good.


globalization, Christianity, culture, management, economy, clash of civilizations

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