Skip to the main content

Original scientific paper

Kinetic Analysis of Non-isothermal Transformation of Zeolite 4A into Low-carnegieite

Cleo Kosanović ; Ruđer Bošković Institute, Bijenička c. 54, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
Alenka Ristić ; Ruđer Bošković Institute, Bijenička c. 54, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
Boris Subotić ; National Institute of Chemistry, Hajdrihova 19, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
Lavoslav Sekovanić ; Geotechnical Faculty, Hallerova 7, 42000 Varaždin, Croatia

Full text: english pdf 166 Kb

page 553-560

downloads: 532



Kinetics of the non-isothermal transformation of zeolite 4A to low-carnegieite was investigated by the X-ray diffraction method. Changes in the fractions of zeolite 4A, amorphous aluminosilicate and low-carnegieite during zeolite 4A heating at three different heating rates (0.0833 ° s–1, 0.1667 ° s–1 and 0.333 ° s–1) showed that amorphization of zeolite 4A and crystallization of low-carnegieite take place simultaneously. Kinetic analyses of amorphization and crystallization showed that the non-isothermal transformation took place by the same mechanism as the isothermal transformation, i.e., amorphization of zeolite 4A proceeded by a random, diffusion- limited agglomeration of the short-range ordered aluminosilicate subunits formed by the thermally induced breaking of Si-O-Si and Si-O-Al bonds between different building units of zeolite framework. Crystallization of low-carnegieite occurred by homogeneous nucleation of low-carnegieite inside the matrix of amorphous aluminosilicate and was diffusion-controlled, with one-dimensional growth of the nuclei. Kinetics of non-isothermal processes was determined by the changes of the rate constants during heating and the apparent activation energies of amorphization and crystallization.


non-isothermal transformation; zeolite 4A; amorphous aluminosilicate; low carnegieite; kinetics; mechanism

Hrčak ID:



Publication date:


Visits: 1.127 *