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Review article

Emergiencies in oncology and haematology

Renata Dobrila-Dintinjana ; Klinika za radioterapiju i onkologiju, KBC Rijeka, Rijeka
Arnela Redžović ; Klinika za radioterapiju i onkologiju, KBC Rijeka, Rijeka
Toni Valković ; Zavod za hematologiju i kliničku imunologiju, Interna klinika, KBC Rijeka, Rijeka
Vjekoslav Ilijić ; Emergency Department, Salem Hospital, Bern, Švicarska
Nenad Vanis ; Zavod za gastroenterologiju Klinike za internu medicinu, Sveučilišni centar Sarajevo, Sarajevo, Bosna i Hercegovina

Full text: croatian pdf 792 Kb

page 405-413

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With the increasing incidence of cancer in the general population and improved
survival, emergencies in oncology and hematology are more frequently encountered. Oncologic
emergencies represent a wide variety of conditions that can occur at any time during
the course of a malignancy, from an initial presenting manifestations in patients with an undiagnosed
cancer, to end-stage incurable metastatic disease. Oncologic emergencies include
conditions caused by the cancer itself or side effects of antitumor therapy but they can also
be independent from malignant disease. Oncologic emergencies can be metabolic (tumor
lysis syndrome), hematologic (intravascular coagulation), inflammatory (neutropenic fever)
and mechanic (brain edema) as emergencies in palliative care (pain). Prompt interventions
can be lifesaving and may spare patients considerable morbidity and mortality. Implementation
of palliative care is increasing patients Quality of Life and decreasing intensity of symptoms
and it’s crucial in preparation for the natural completion diseases, departures and


emergiencies in oncology, malignant disease, palliative care

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