Original scientific paper
WOMEN’S PENITENTIARY IN POŽEGA DURING THE INDEPENDENT STATE OF CROATIA (1941-1944)
; Zagreb, Croatia
The paper primarily shows, based on the archival and printed records from the time of the Independent State of Croatia, as well as the relevant historiography, the structure and functioning of the women penitentiary in Požega during the World War II, from August/September 1941. until its dismissal in September 1944. By using the archival material, which consists of 57 library files kept in the Croatian State Archives in Zagreb, the analysis has been done on the structure of women convicts who were staying in Požega during the Independent State of Croatia. This mainly includes various types of offenses and criminal acts and the convictions of the cooperation with people who were considered as subversive elements for the authorities of the Independent State of Croatia. In addition to the analysis of age, nationality/ethnicity, occupation, marital status, level of education, causes for their referral to the penitentiary and the criminal offenses for which they were imprisoned, the paper also brings the most interesting parts of the offenders’ dossiers. Their criminal offenses and files served as a sample to show the structure of the only female penalty institution on the territory of the Independent State of Croatia and to describe the criminal legislation of that State.
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